Monday, August 26, 2013

Percubaan UPSR 2013 - Bahasa Inggeris

Himpunan koleksi Percubaan UPSR 2013 bagi Kertas Bahasa Inggeris boleh diperoleh di sini: Percubaan UPSR 2013 - Bahasa Inggeris Terima kasih kepada semua yang telah berkongsi dengan kami. Semoga semua beroleh manfaat!

Monday, March 19, 2012

Demonstrative Nouns (this, that, these, those)

"This" (singular) and "These" (plural) refer to an object or person NEAR the speaker.
"That" (singular) and "Those" (plural) refer to an object or person further AWAY.

Demonstrative pronouns are pronouns that point to specific things.

Countable and uncountable nouns

(a) Nouns that can be counted are known as countable nouns. We can use ‘a few’, ‘several’, ‘many’ and ‘a large number of’ for these nouns.
There are only a few pupils in the classroom.
Several pages are missing from the book.
We can do many things with the computer.

(b) Nouns that cannot be counted are known as uncountable nouns. We use ‘a little’, ‘much’, and ‘a large amount’ for these nouns.
There is a little food left in the canteen.
There isn’t much work to be done at home.
There is a large amount of wheat in the sack.

(c) However, we can use ‘some’ ‘plenty of’ and ‘a lot of’ for both countable and uncountable nouns.
Some children are playing in the playground.
I saw a lot of people at the market.
Rena spread some butter on a piece of bread.

(d) We use ‘any’ to ask about the amount or number of nouns.
Do you have any pencils?
Is there any water in the pond?

(e) We also use ‘any’ to show that there is no quantity.
We couldn’t find any plates in the cupboard.
There isn’t any water in the flask.

WH- questions


Adverbs of Manner
These adverbs tell how/ describe the verbs.
Most of these adverbs are made by adding -ly to the adjectives.

Mark spoke clearly.
Sue danced gracefully.
They cheered happily.
The children crossed the road carefully.
The car skidded dangerously.
Babies cry loudly when they are hungry.

Adverbs of Place
These adverbs tell where something happens.

Sandy is studying upstairs.
Come, let’s eat here.
Dad is jogging around the field.
There are balloons flying everywhere!
Go to bed right now!
The chairs are over there.

Adverbs of Time
These adverbs tell when or for how long. They can be single words or phrases.

I’m going to Redang today.
Go to sleep immediately.
We will watch the sunrise at dawn.
The family has not seen him since June.
Refreshments will be served during the break.
The team has arrived already.

Adverbs of Frequency
These adverbs tell how often something happens.

You should exercise daily.
We usually read after dinner.
I’ve never seen snow.
Do you eat here often?
Lina seldom comes here.
Mr. Lee travels to China yearly.

Adverbs of Degree
These adverbs tell how much, in what degree or to what extent.

The weather was quite warm.
This is very comfortable.
Tan Leong is tall enough to play basketball.
It was almost dawn when we arrived at the mountain peak.
This is too sweet! Could you please add some water?
The desert is extremely dry.

Position of Adverbs
Adverbs can be placed:

1. before or after verbs or after the object if there is one
She quietly passed the note.
She passed the note quietly.

2. before other adverbs
They cleaned the car rather carelessly.

3. at the beginning or end of sentences
Quietly, she passed the note.
Wash your hands thoroughly.

Test yourself: Figure out which one is the adverb in each sentence below and what kind of adverb it is.

1. Kent did his homework carelessly.
2. We start our vacation next week.
3. Farah read the poem in a very clear voice.
4. The accident happened during the afternoon.
5. The man walked very slowly.
6. My cousin arrived yesterday.
7. I left my schoolbag in the car.
8. It stopped raining for a few minutes.
9. Dad goes jogging regularly.
10. We eat our meals in the dining room.

Verb To-be

Relative Pronouns

Relative Pronouns - To join two sentences about the same person or thing.
who, whose and whom – people
which and that – things

- Used for people and after who we usually put a verb.
- Examples:
The boy who plays badminton is Ali.
Marina who works as a teacher is my neighbour.

- Used for inanimate things.
- After which and that we can put a verb, a noun or pronoun.
- Examples:
The dress which she bought is too small.
She has a ring which costs RM12, 000.

- Used to replace who,
i. used after a preposition
The old lady to whom I gave the money thanked me.

ii. as an object of a verb
The naughty boy whom the prefect caught was taken to the discipline teacher.

- Used to show possession or relationship between two words. Usually followed by a noun.
- Example:
I have an uncle whose sons are all doctors.